Learning Javascript in a post-Reactive landscape

I recently re-watched a talk by Thomas Figg – Programming is terrible. In the QA portion of the talk there is a (perhaps surprisingly) positive tone in one of his answers – that learning to code is, contrary to what some might choose to believe, more accessible than ever. He then mentions JavaScript, as it is as simple as it is ubiquitous, and arguably the most easily shareable code in the world – everything from a TV to a phone will run it.

I completely agree with this statement, as JavaScript is at its core an incredibly simple language, in both theory and practice – both easy to reason about, and to get something running. But increasingly complex abstractions have become an integral part of any application development in JavaScript, making the entry barrier for a frontend developer higher and higher.

On Promises

Having worked as an AngularJS developer since it’s 0.x releases, I have more than gotten used to its $q library, modelled very closely after the Q library. They made sense to me, and any seasoned developer will most likely agree that they made asynchronous programming much easier to deal with.

Yet it wasn’t until joining a full stack team and getting tasked with tutoring my backend-heavy colleagues and QA’s on Promises that I noticed just how big of a stretch it can be if you’re facing these for the first time. They are not trivial, especially when you have to stray from the typical examples and delve into more complex usages.

On Reactive Programming

Reactive programming takes the concept of asynchronous programming further. Compared to promises, it is a step down the abstraction scale, making it easier to scale, to handle complex situations and concurrency with ease. Unfortunately, it also makes it much more complex conceptually – thus harder to get into and harder to reason about.

Angular2 fully supports and depends on RxJS, and although it is an “opt-in” kind of thing (just call .toPromise() on any Observable and it magically becomes just that), it is ubiquitous in the angular2 community. Go to any chatroom or forum and you see that you are expected to be comfortable with it.

A world of abstractions

AngularJS had a big problem – it looked easy, and it felt easy, until you tried doing anything complex with it. Angular 2 doesn’t make that mistake, showing its hand from the get-go. What this might mean for the community I don’t know – hopefully better code?

With Promises becoming a part of the ES6 standard, we are moving into a future where they become commonplace – jQuery 3 complies with Promises, for instance. The barrier to entry for developers gets forcefully higher at all levels.

As a teacher, you learn to avoid abstractions when teaching programming for the first time. An object-oriented language is not a good first language, for obvious reasons. I wonder if at some point, JavaScript will stop being one as well?

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