Using TemplateRef to create a tooltip/popover directive in Angular 2

This post is about a Component created in the context of our application development. There is a demo here, and you can find the full source code here.

Lately, the need arose to create a tooltip directive. This brought up a lot of questions we hadn’t had to face before, such as how to create markup wrapping around rendered content, or rather “what is Angular 2’s transclude?”

Turns out, using TemplateRef is very useful for this, but the road to understanding it wasn’t easy. After seeing it used in a similar fashion by Ben Nadel, I decided to take a stab at it.

TemplateRef is used when using <template> elements, or perhaps most commonly when using *-prefixed directives such as NgFor of NgIf. For *-prefixed directives (or directives in <template> elements, TemplateRef can be injected straight into the constructor of the class. For other components, however, they can be queried via something like the ContentChild decorator.

Initially, I had thought to create two directives: a TooltipDirective to be placed on the parent element, plus a TooltipTemplate directive to be placed in a template, that would then inject itself into the parent. It proved too complex, though, and after finding what could be done with the ContentChild query the implementation became much simpler.

The end result looks like this (simplified for clarity):

    selector: "[tooltip]"
export class TooltipDirective implements OnInit {
    @Input("tooltip") private tooltipOptions: any;
    @ContentChild("tooltipTemplate") private tooltipTemplate: TemplateRef < Object > ;

    private tooltip: ComponentRef < Tooltip > ;
    private tooltipId: string;

        private viewContainer: ViewContainerRef,
        public elementRef: ElementRef,
        private componentResolver: ComponentResolver,
        private position: PositionService) {
        this.tooltipId = _.uniqueId("tooltip");

    ngOnInit() {
        // Attach relevant events

    private showTooltip() {
        if (this.tooltipTemplate) {
                .then(factory => {
                    this.tooltip = this.viewContainer.createComponent(factory);
                    this.tooltip.instance["content"] = this.tooltipTemplate;
                    this.tooltip.instance["parentEl"] = this.elementRef;
                    this.tooltip.instance["tooltipOptions"] = this.options;

    private hideTooltip() {
        this.tooltip = undefined;

    private get options(): TooltipOptions {
        return _.defaults({}, this.tooltipOptions || {}, defaultTooltipOptions);

    selector: "tooltip",
    template: `<div class="inner">
<template [ngTemplateOutlet]="content"></template>
<div class="arrow"></div>`
class Tooltip implements AfterViewInit {
    @Input() private content: TemplateRef < Object > ;
    @Input() private parentEl: ElementRef;
    @Input() private tooltipOptions: TooltipOptions;

        private positionService: PositionService,
        public elementRef: ElementRef) {}

    private position() {
        // top and left calculated and set

    ngAfterViewInit(): void {

The TooltipDirective requires a <template #tooltipTemplate> element, that gets rendered through a  Tooltip Component, created and injected with the templateRef containing our content. Essentially, “transcluding” it. The Tooltip component’s role is only to wrap the content with some light markup, and position itself when inserted into the page.

A lot of the actual positioning (not shown here, but in the source code) is done directly to the rendered elements, though – I faced some issued when using the host properties object, that I believe were reintroduced in the latest RC.

All in all, it was a great learning experience, and Angular 2’s <template> surely beats Angular.js’ transclude. Slowly but surely Angular 2 get’s more and more demystified to me, but it is hard work getting there.

A breadcrumb component for @ngrx/router

@ngrx/router is, at the moment, one of the best choices for a router component in Angular 2, and Vladivostok, the third iteration of Angular 2’s official router, will take a very heavy inspiration from it. At the moment we are using it to handle our routes, and the need arose to create a breadcrumb component for certain parts of the application.

You can see a working example here.

@ngrx/router‘s API is very light and sparse, but not necessarily incomplete – a lot of the actual implementation is assumed to be left in the hands of the user. This is powered by the use of Observables for Route, RouteParams, QueryParams, etc. A great example of this assumption is the fact that instead of a set of interfaces like CanReuse/CanActivate/CanDeactivate, the router only ever activates components when they change after a route change – any changes in parameters are handled manually by default. More work, but also a clearer image of what one can and cannot do with the tool, and a lot more control.

The first thing we found was that routes have a property – options – that serves the express purpose of holding custom data. A simple usage is this:

export const routes: Route[] = [{
    path: '/',
    component: Home,
    options: {
        breadcrumb: 'Home Sweet Home'
    children: [{
            path: '/component-a',
            component: ComponentA,
            options: {
                breadcrumb: 'A Component'
            children: [{
                    path: '/one',
                    component: One,
                    options: {
                        breadcrumb: 'The One'
}, ];

And the breadcrumb component is as such:

    selector: 'breadcrumbs',
    directives: [NgFor],
    template: `<span>
<span *ngFor="let breadcrumb of breadcrumbs; let isLast = last">
<a [linkTo]="breadcrumb.path">{{}}</a>
<span *ngIf="!isLast"> &gt; </span>
export class Breadcrumbs {
    private breadcrumbs: any[];

    constructor(private routerInstruction: RouterInstruction) {
                match => {
                    this.breadcrumbs = this.getBreadcrumbs(match);

    private getBreadcrumbs(match: Match) {
        let breadcrumbs = [];
        let path = '';

        for (let i = 0; i < match.routes.length; i++) {
            path = path[path.length - 1] === '/' ? path.substr(0, path.length - 1) : path;
            path += match.routes[i].path ? this.makePath(match.routes[i], match) : '';
            if ((match.routes[i].options || {}).breadcrumb) {
                    name: match.routes[i].options.breadcrumb,
                    path: path

        return breadcrumbs;

    private makePath(route: Route, match: Match) {
        return pathToRegexp.compile(route.path)(match.routeParams);

RouterInstruction is one Observable that gives us all the information we need. By watching it, a Match object containing the array of matched routes is returned. All that was left was to create the urls, as @ngrx/router uses only url strings (as opposed to the array notation you’ll find in @angular/router, for instance) – but as @ngrx/router uses path-to-regexp to parse urls, to it was only a matter of using it to compile from the parsed data, and get the urls.

All in all, a very simple solution. Omitted are the use of translations and using asynchronously loaded data (like a profile name) in the breadcrumb – the former is trivial and very unrelated, and the latter we are using stores for, and it’s perhaps a good topic for another post.